A stress echocardiogram is a non-invasive test that uses ultrasound to evaluate how well the heart is functioning during physical activity. The test is performed by having the patient exercise on a treadmill or stationary bike while an echocardiogram (ultrasound of the heart) is performed.

The purpose of a stress echocardiogram is to evaluate the blood flow to the heart muscle during physical activity. This can help detect any underlying heart conditions, such as coronary artery disease, that may not be apparent at rest.

During a stress echocardiogram, the patient's heart rate and blood pressure are monitored. The ultrasound images are used to assess the heart's size, shape, and movement, as well as the function of the heart valves and blood flow through the heart.

If the test shows that the heart is not functioning properly during physical activity, this may indicate a problem with the heart's blood supply. In some cases, further testing or treatment may be recommended.

One of the main benefits of a stress echocardiogram is that it can help identify heart conditions early, when they are most treatable. This can help prevent the progression of heart disease and reduce the risk of complications, such as heart attack or stroke.

Overall, a stress echocardiogram is a valuable tool for assessing heart health and can help prevent the onset of heart disease.